Kamis, 06 Oktober 2011

MEXICO BAY POLLUTION

United States President Barack Obama canceled the visit to Indonesia and Australia in mid-June. Oil spills from wells in the Deepwater Horizon refinery off the coast of Louisiana, the Gulf of Mexico, U.S., have drawn attention, interfere with concentration at work, even its performance.Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is increasingly out of control and includes the worst environmental disasters in U.S. history. Disaster once dubbed "the worst" in the U.S., the Exxon Valdez tanker spill off the coast of Alaska in 1989, exceeded by events in the Gulf of Mexico.Deepwater Horizon oil refinery located about 80 kilometers inland from the lips of the State of Louisiana. Refining business was owned by Transocean Ltd., but operated by British Petroleum (BP) Plc. Leaking wells are wells MC252 with a leak point is located at the mouth of the well, ie at a depth of 1.5 kilometers below sea level.Since such a leak on April 20, fire and collapse of the bridge on 22 April, so far the oil is ejected into the open seas reached 19.7 million gallons (one gallon is almost 4 liters) by more than 43 million gallons. In fact, last week, the U.S. release, a new range of oil spilled 18.6 million gallons to 29.5 million gallons. Exxon Valdez spill was only 11 million gallons.Impact of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill worse. Louisiana federal government has closed a third of potential sea areas for fishing, and marine fisheries, and tourism is not only related to the tour, but also a restaurant and cottages. Area covered it produces 1 billion pounds of shrimp and mussels.Oil also has polluted the land and the swamps of Louisiana. More than 200 kilometers of coastline polluted by weight. Hundreds of birds, marine life, and marsh animals dead, dying and threatened thousands more. Damaged coastal vegetation. The issue that gave birth to social frustration among residents, fishermen, entrepreneurs, activists, government, and the operator.The issue is more disturbing is that Obama has not been a successful effort on the part of oil refinery operator, BP Plc, reducing the disaster. Although BP has deployed more than 2,000 workers and 1,600 boats controllers, be it a skimmer, tugs, and barges, with thousands of workers, oil spills remain uncontrolled.Conventional measuresConventional measures ever attempted to control oil spills, such as pouring a liquid chemical (dispersant) to parse the oil bubble, also failed. Many people criticize him for that scenario is not environmentally friendly. Some field officers BP due to the fluid being treated.A number of new scenarios that have never done before BP or any other operator tried to suppress the leakage and the rate of oil spills. For example, create a giant dome of concrete weighing 100 tons in coastal Louisiana, and transported, and thick mud spraying failed.Finally, workers inject the drilling mud mixed with cement through the pipe to dive into deep wells of up to 1.6 kilometers above sea level or more within 1.1 kilometers from the point of leakage. This scenario is called top kill. Hopes that the wells could be closed permanently failed again last weekend.Since the beginning of this week, new scenarios were tested again. BP promised, the new results appear in August 2010. Three months is a long time, which made landfall in coastal waters and the southern United States could have been worse. Obama is not quiet anymore because this week the pace of pollution has touched Mississippi and Alabama.Pressure on Obama even louder, not only from environmentalists and residents, but more particularly from the parliament or congress. U.S. Congressman Ed Markey, BP could not believe it managed to reduce the disastrous Gulf of Mexico. "I do not believe the BP can solve this problem," he said.Political impactThis week Obama has taken over the environmental disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. However, fixed operational costs borne by operators and not the state. Some members of the U.S. Congress to assess Obama's late act. Obama asked to respond to social frustration and review the permit drilling off the U.S. coast.To demonstrate the readiness of the problem that Obama delayed his trip to the Asia Pacific region, including Indonesia, in mid-June. For Obama, oil spill disaster is very problematic, namely the "cure" a frustrated social, parliamentary and congressional pressure, the energy crisis, as well as the disruption of global relations.Widespread social frustration in the bay area is very dangerous for new investments in the energy sector. He was forced to announce new measures to deal with oil spills, including the continued moratorium on drilling permit for 6 months and suspend offshore drilling in Alaska and Virginia.Obama also forced to stop new oil drilling 33 wells in the Gulf of Mexico. This is where the threat point to the possibility of oil and gas supply crisis for U.S. domestic needs. BP shares on the London stock market slumped and the 12-15 percent level of public confidence in the BP also declined.What about Obama? The weight of public pressure, including from Congress, to Obama could be more severe if he does not successfully address the catastrophic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Failure or success of Obama's address also determines prestige, become worse or better in the eyes of U.S. citizens.Better for Obama to delay trip to the Asia Pacific region. However, the delay is also demonstrated how the domestic political affairs sometimes hinder the global involvement of U.S. President. This is especially the case during the first half when a very high share of political affairs. (AFP / AP / REUTERS / BBC.NEWS

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